Lesson/Unit Summary: The lesson aims at developing students’ competence in using passive voice and active voice appropriately for different communicative purposes. Multimedia, including texts and pictures from magazine covers and video clips from movies and TV dramas, are used to guide students to discover the meaning and use of the two structures. The follow-up task allows students to manipulate the language to write captions on current issues. Through a series of interesting activities, students not only learn the structure of the two voices, but also develop a deeper understanding of their meaning and use, and acquire the ability to make appropriate language choices for different communication purposes. 

Level of Students: Junior Secondary

Lesson Duration:  90 mins

Learning Objectives:

By the end of the lesson, students will be able to: 

1. Demonstrate an understanding of the meanings made by passive voice;

2. Tell when the agent should be included and when it could be omitted in the passive voice;

3. Show heightened awareness of when to use the active and the passive;

4. Write magazine captions using the active/passive voice appropriately.

Lesson Plan: Passive Voice (Junior Secondary)

Teaching Materials: 

Useful Websites:


The copyright of the learning materials belongs to The Education University of Hong Kong. We are grateful to the original authors for granting us the right to share their ideas. Please fully acknowledge the source of the materials and the authors.

Duplication of the materials is restricted to non-profit making educational purposes only. Otherwise, no part of these materials may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means without the prior permission of the Project Supervisor.

To cite this resource:

Au, L. Y. N., & Lee, F. K. J. (2020). Passive voice. Retrieved from

Please tell us about our website via the Evaluation Form