present tense

Lesson/Unit Summary: The idea of language across the curriculum is adopted in the lesson plan. The topic ‘Water Cycle’ in Integrated Science is chosen. One rationale is that the present tense is typically used in the description of the natural phenomenon. In this English lesson, a song about the water cycle is employed as a multi-sensory comprehensible input. Another feature of the lesson is that students are not told the use of the present tense directly by the teacher; instead, they have to deduce the use and the structure themselves with scaffolding questions raised by the teacher.

Level of Students: Junior Secondary 

Lesson Duration: 70 minutes (2 lessons)

Learning Objectives:

At the end of this unit, students should be able to:

  1. Tell that one use of the present tense is to describe facts
  2. Generalize the subject-verb agreement rule
  3. Use the present tense to compose a song/poem to describe scientific facts

Lesson Plan: Present Tense (Junior Secondary)

Teaching Materials: 

Useful Websites:


We would like to express our gratitude to Lui Yuen Tung for sending the project team her original lesson plan and allowing us to make modifications to it. 

The copyright of the learning materials belongs to The Education University of Hong Kong. We are grateful to the original authors for granting us the right to share their ideas. Please fully acknowledge the source of the materials and the authors.

Duplication of the materials is restricted to non-profit making educational purposes only. Otherwise, no part of these materials may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means without the prior permission of the Project Supervisor.

To cite this resource:

Wong, T. Y. R., & Lee, F. K. J. (2020). Present tense. Retrieved from

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